There are three famous international scenographers. Their names are Josef Svoboda, Adolphe Francois Appia and last but not least Edward Gordon Craig.Today i decided to write about them and their theories.
“When I sit alone in a theatre and gaze into the dark space of its empty stage, I’m frequently seized by fear that this time I won’t manage to penetrate it, and I always hope that this fear will never desert me. Without an unending search for the key to the secret of creativity, there is no creation. It’s necessary always to begin again. And that is beautiful.” - Josef Svoboda.
Josef Svoboda was born on May the 10th 1920 in Caslav, Czechoslovakia. He was first attracted to the world of theatre whilst studying at the Central School of Housing in Prague, however it was not until the end of World War II that he began to study scenography at the Prague Conservatory and architecture at the Academy of Applied Arts. Svoboda died on April the 8th 2002, reckoned that he had designed and directed over 700 theatrical performances. His theory influences of all of Svoboda’s work are tangible and leading to contemporary theatre. Svoboda used the images and light of the projection to sculpt the scenic elements. In Polyekran a wall of cubes shifted position, moving forwards and backwards, inside each cube a projector threw images onto the surface of the cube facing the audience. Light, photographic image, object and object manipulation combined to create a living, moving work of performance art. His reputation as the most influential scenographer of the 20th century is well deserved and supported by his work for many academic institutions, and his role in educating and training younger scenographers the world over.